Fedora 26: File integrity check with AIDE

This article will describe AIDE which is a checker of file integrity.

1 Before install AIDE

Install Postfix with this script.

2 Install AIDE

Install aide package.

$ sudo dnf install -y aide

3 Create database

Running "aide –init" creates aide.db.new.gz. And you need to copy it to aide.db.gz.

$ sudo aide --init.
$ sudo cp /var/lib/aide/aide.db.new.gz /var/lib/aide/aide.db.gz

4 File integrity check

aide –check checks file integrity. aide –update checks file integrity and create new database aide.db.new.gz. This needs to copy to aide.db.gz.

$ sudo aide --check
$ echo $?

If some file is changed, aide will return non zero value.

$ sudo mv /usr/sbin/ip /usr/sbin/ip.orig
$ echo "modified" | sudo tee /usr/sbin/ip
$ sudo aide --check
$ echo $?

5 Cron job which runs aide

You need to create cron job. This article will creates daily cron job which runs "aide –update" and send email.

$ sudo dnf install -y mailx liblockfile
$ cat <<EOF | sudo tee /etc/cron.daily/aide


dotlockfile -p \${LOCK_FILE} || exit 1

TMP=\$(mktemp -t aide.XXXXXX)
trap "rm \$TMP* 2>/dev/null" 0

aide --update > \${TMP} 2>&1
if [ \${ret} -eq 0 ]; then
  # Nothing is changed.
  cp /var/lib/aide/aide.db.new.gz /var/lib/aide/aide.db.gz
elif [ \${ret} -lt 8 ]; then
  # Some file is changed.
  cat \${TMP} | mail -s "AIDE detects changes" \${MAIL_ADDR}
  cp /var/lib/aide/aide.db.new.gz /var/lib/aide/aide.db.gz
  # Cannot update database.
  cat \${TMP} | mail -s "AIDE fatal error" \${MAIL_ADDR}

dotlockfile -u \${LOCK_FILE}
$ sudo chmod a+x /etc/cron.daily/aide